Tonight, Americans will celebrate Independence Day with the fireworks they love, but their furry friends do not.

Fireworks commonly frighten dogs. Purina believe the reasoning behind this to be three-fold.

1.  The loud sounds trigger canines sensitive hearing, alarming them and posing a threat. This triggers their fight or flight response, making them anxious, restless and distressed.

2. Fireworks do not follow a set pattern, they explode at different intervals and unpredictable, taking dogs by surprise.

3. They can make dogs feel trapped; they try to escape the noise but unfortunately there is often nowhere to go that will silence the noise from fireworks.

Some owners administer CBD products to their pets to calm their anxiety and nerves on days like today.

But is it safe?

Much like humans, animals have an endocannabinoid system, meaning they are responsive to cannabinoids like CBD.

However, the UK’s Veterinary Medicines Directorate have advised that no CBD products have been authorised for use in animals.

Across the pond in the US, FDA spokesperson Lindsay Haake said:

“The FDA is currently collecting information about marijuana and marijuana-derived products being marketed for animals.

FDA reminds consumers that these products have not been evaluated by FDA for safety and effectiveness.

We recommend that you talk with your veterinarian about appropriate treatment options for your pet.”

A lack of research in this field makes it difficult to determine whether cannabidiol products are an appropriate treatment for anxious animals, and vets seem divided.

Dr Patty Khuly, owner of a small animal practice in Miami, said:

“I’ve chosen to flout federal law in favour of patient care. Most of the patients I’ve medicated with CBD oil have thrived.

After recommending it to hundreds of patients, I’ve not yet observed an adverse reaction.”

American Kennel Club Chief Veterinary Officer Jerry Klein, DMV, errs on the side of caution but acknowledges that the final decision is up to the owner.

He said:

“The popularity and marketing is outpacing the researching and regulation. These animals can’t talk and tell us how they feel.

“As an emergency veterinarian I’ve dealt with dogs that have gotten into marijuana brownies and it is a concern.

“It’s important for people to be aware of the concerns. As long as they understand what they’re giving is not scientifically proven, that it might not be of any benefit, that’s up to them if they want to go down that road.”